Norwegian aviation executives like to joke among themselves that when God created aviation, he was thinking of Norway. The country’s long coastline and mountainous interior make conventional road travel challenging. Even travelling relatively short distances in Norway’s populated south, say from Bergen to Trondheim, two major coastal cities 700 km apart, takes up to 12 hours by car — but just an hour by plane. For all these reasons and more, the Norwegian government has set a goal that 30 percent of all jet fuel used in Norway by 2030 will be sustainably produced biofuels. To help jump start this transition, the government announced in October that airlines operating in Norwegian airspace will have to use 0.5 percent biofuels in their jet fuel by 2020. Two researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology’s (NTNU) Industrial Ecology Programme decided to look at how producing aviation biofuels in Norway would affect the climate and other environmental aspects identified by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs. These goals have been developed to guide the world’s transition to a more sustainable society. They found that producing jet fuels from forestry residues would be good for the climate but can put… Read full this story
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