LAVA seeped out of the floor in a residential area in Hawaii on May 3 after Kilauea volcano started spewing ash – causing nearby homes to be evacuated.
It’s thought nearly 1,700 people have been evacuated. Here is all you need to know about the active volcano.
What caused Kilauea to erupt?
The eruption was caused by a series of earthquakes on the eastern side of the Big Island.
The US Geological Survey said the most severe quake had a magnitude of 5, but there were six smaller ones in the region of 2 magnitude.
The quakes have been happening continually since the floor of the Puu Oo crater collapsed on Monday – which cause the magma to travel 10 miles down-slop towards the populated southeast coastline of the island.
On May 3 the Kilauea sent out lava across the island which was seen seeping out of cracks in the road, prompting an evacuation.
What is happening with the evacuation?
After magma rose from the ground into a local residential area the Hawaii County Civil Defense asked residents to in the Leilani Estates and Lanipua Gardens to evacuate to a local community shealter.
It’s thought around 10,000 people are under the order to leave their homes according to the governor’s spokeswoman.
The evacuation effort is being assisted by Hawaii’s National Guard and the American Red Cross of Hawaii is reported to have set up an emergency shelter at Pahoa Community Center.
Where is the Kilauea volcano?
Kilauea is located on the southern shore of Hawaii’s ‘Big Island’ and has been erupting consistently since 1983 after a period of being dormant.
It is the biggest and most active of the island’s five volcanoes and is one of the most active volcanoes in the world.
The volcano was formed between 300,000 and 600,000 years ago.
Most of Kilauea’s activity has been nonexplosive, but in 1924 an eruption spewed as and 10-ton rocks into the sky which left one man dead.
Since then, the lava flow has destroyed many homes and dozens of square miles of land.
What is a lava firehose?
In 2017 Kilauea made headlines for a lava firehose which was caught on video.
A lava firehose was caused when a lava stream converges into a “single large spout”, according to the USGS.
Lava was filmed gushing through a crack in a sea cliff into the Pacific Ocean.
This crack means the cliff is extremely unstable and could be about to break apart and fall into the sea, reports 9News.com.
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Speaking about the rare phenomenon, the USGS said: “At Kilauea’s ocean entry on Jan 28 and 29, the interaction of molten lava flowing into cool seawater caused pulsating littoral explosions that threw spatter (fragments of molten lava) high into the air.
“Some of these incandescent blasts fell on top of the sea cliff behind the ocean entry, forming a small spatter cone.
“During one exceptionally large burst, spatter was thrown about twice the height of the sea cliff.”
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